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X-ray of lungs


Normally radiograph of the chest
Chest includes chest (thorax) with ribs, lungs with pulmonary sac (pleura), bronchi, and chest partition (mediastinum) that contains the heart, large blood vessels, trachea and esophagus. In technical terms described X-ray of the chest as chest X-ray.

What is X-ray of the chest?
Chest X-ray images lung, lung sack, heart and aorta (aortic arch), mediastinum and the bony parts of the chest. Although this is the most commonly performed x-ray examination, it can be one of the most difficult investigations to interpret. In normal examination are normal appearance and normal position of the organs.

When done x-ray of the chest?
The assessment of possible disease of the lungs, mediastinum and bone. The investigation used to diagnose lung diseases, tuberculosis, cancer, changes in the mediastinum and in the bony parts of the chest. X-rays are also taken as part of the monitoring of lung and heart disease. The survey makes it possible to follow the development of a lung disease over time. The study may also provide valuable information about heart failure and other cardiovascular diseases. In critically ill chest X-ray is used also to control the position of the embedded tube, catheter or other equipment.

No preparation is required. You must be stripped top and necklaces must be removed. Routine examination consists of two images: Image Front and side picture. Images are preferably with the patient standing. Photos of lying patient is of lower quality and more difficult to interpret. You will be asked to breathe deeply and hold their breath while the image is taken. You must stand still. The survey takes only a few minutes.

What to do?
Routinely evaluated lungs, the middle part of the chest, diaphragm, heart, position of the heart and mediastinum, ribs, vertebrae. X-ray Doctor looking for masses of air spaces, convergence of lung tissue, round shades (including neoplasms), widespread small shadows (cancer spread, metastases), signs of fluid or disease of the lung cavity, enlarged lymph nodes or tumors of the mediastinum. A significant number of diseases can be detected, among the most important is pneumonia in different varieties, foreign bodies in the airways (eg. Among infants), tumors, air leakage into the pleural space (pneumothorax), pulmonary tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, dust lung diseases in the bony part of the rib cage , enlarged heart, heart failure, signs of valvular disease of the heart. Further evaluation of unclear pulmonary findings will usually be bronchoscopy , CT or MRI .

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