Venereal diseases: treatment and prevention
The chances of contracting a venereal disease depends on many factors. The main risk factors are represented by specific sexual habits, such as failure to use protective barrier methods (the condom ), the unprotected sex with people at risk, the high number of partners, casual sex, sex tourism and relationships with a partner who has had many more (even when it appears perfectly healthy). Not surprisingly, therefore, that venereal diseases are more common among the population groups most exposed to risky sexual behavior. And 'the case, for example, adolescents, young adults, homosexual males, some ethnic minorities and those who are addicted to prostitution.
Some individuals show an innate biological predisposition to venereal diseases; It is the case, for example, of women than men, of patients with immune deficiencies (such as HIV) or those with immature genital tissues and more receptive as teenagers. As said, even a weakened body by the use of antibiotics , steroids or other sexually transmitted infections, is more exposed to venereal diseases. Even pregnancy and a ' intimate hygiene insufficient or excessive increase susceptibility to this kind of diseases. The best known example is given by a candidate who - normally present in various body's mucous membranes (mouth, vagina , digestive tract ) - may develop abnormally and cause symptomatic infections when defenses immune misfiring. Frequent and unprotected sex can increase the risk of vaginosis even for the raising of vaginal pH caused by the alkalinity of semen (see alteration of vaginal flora ). Finally there are behavioral factors, such as drug addiction and the ' alcoholism , which multiply the high-risk infections and reduce the ability to protect themselves.
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The overlay of several venereal diseases - for the predisposing effect of the same - has long been known; for women with Chlamydia is estimated, for example, a 5 times greater risk of contracting HIV.
If we consider a venereal disease of viral origin ( herpes , AIDS , etc.), the virus remains in the genital secretions and can be transmitted to the partners in the event of total asymptomatic; hence the importance of condoms as the only effective means of prevention. This oversight should be used independently of the adoption of any other measure birth , more so in the case you signings sexual intercourse with an unknown person.
If you receive a diagnosis of any sexually transmitted disease it is crucial immediately inform your or your partner, you will soon see your doctor for a check, even in the absence of symptoms.
General policies for the prevention of venereal diseases
Consistently use condoms during any vaginal intercourse, oral or anal sex with a non-regular partner, regardless of whether or not other forms of contraception (pill, IUD or diaphragm ).
Limit the number of sexual partners.
Promptly go to the doctor as soon as they appear symptoms suggestive of an STD or even there is the slightest suspicion of infection after higher-risk sex. At the same time, inform partners of their genital infection and direct it to a medical consultation.
During any treatment it is essential to avoid unprotected sex, even in the absence of symptoms.
Run a screening annually for venereal diseases, especially in case of new sexual partner.
Care and treatment
A quick cure antibiotic allows to eliminate most of the venereal disease caused by bacteria and parasites . The important thing, in these cases, is to stick to the recommendations of the doctor regarding the dosage, mode and duration of intake.
Much more complicated is the treatment of STDs of viral origin, for which there is no real cure but a number of treatments able to limit the symptoms. The progression of AIDS, for example, is now considerably slowed down by specific drugs, the effectiveness of which is greater the more early are assumed. Recurrent episodes of genital herpes can be controlled by means of suppressive therapy, while for the ' hepatitis B and papilloma viruses are no specific vaccines.
Regardless of the type of venereal disease suffered, diagnosis and early treatment increases the chance of cure. Early intervention is very important because it reduces the infectivity of the patient and limits the infection. The appearance of a suspicious symptoms or the slightest doubt about a possible infection, it is therefore essential to discontinue sexual activity, consult a doctor and inform partners. Hope that the symptoms disappear or that the venereal infection heals spontaneously is a risky and irresponsible behavior, which can lead to delays in care and increasing complications and sequelae for both the individual itself and for its partners. Equally unwise and deplorable is the self-treatment drug.
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