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Heart Study or cardiological evaluation

What is cardiology?
Cardiology is a medical specialty that deals with the signs and diseases of the heart and great vessels. The most prominent diseases are coronary artery disease (blood vessels that supply the heart with industry, has become too narrow), heart failure, valvular, rhythm errors (irregular heart beats), and risk condition hypertension.

Cardiologists with expertise in cardiovascular medicine. Although some cardiologists running a private practice, the vast majority employed in hospitals. Much of the study of heart disease takes place therefore at hospital outpatient clinics.

Cardiac examination

Heart Survey consists in preparing medical history, body examination, laboratory tests and imaging.

Medical history
Medical history will Cardiologist track of through interviewing you. The content of the call is determined course of your current ailments. The overall goal of the physician is to obtain a clear representation of the nature of the symptoms and how they have evolved over time. Prominent symptoms include chest pain, breathlessness, palpitations, restless heart, fainting.

Your doctor during a call asking you out on what plagues consists, when symptoms started, how they evolved, what aggravates, what soothes, how is your fitness, endurance, past illnesses, have you tried medications and how these worked , how does the job and / or in daily, and other more detailed questions related to your problems.

Consider these questions before meeting the doctor. It can make it easier for you to answer questions, and you can provide more accurate information. This will in turn help the doctor more easily locate the correct diagnosis and treatment.

Body Survey
The physical examination focuses on the heart and lungs. The doctor considers you - eg. Looking for the heavy breathing, if you are overweight - know the pulse, tap your chest to see if it's seals in your lungs, and listening with the stethoscope over the heart and lungs to form an impression of whether signs of disease of the heart. The doctor measures your blood pressure and also considering the rest of your body, for example. look for swelling in the legs, considering the arteries in your neck, feeling the stomach, feeling the pulse in the legs.

Laboratory Tests
Your doctor may choose from a wide range of tests and examinations. Generally, you will have some blood tests, ECG is very often taken, in some cases taken ECG associated with physical exertion (usually while riding on a bicycle ergometer). On suspicion of arrhythmia, they put on you electrodes and a small computer that can go with you in a day. Similarly, if you are uncertain about your blood pressure, be attached an automatic blood pressure device on you as you carry on you in a day - blood pressure when measured several times during the day.

Radiographs of the lungs can provide information about how the heart works. Ultrasound examination of the heart, known as echocardiography, has become an important examination of the heart. To map the blood vessels to the heart, coronary arteries, is done in many cases contrast examination. Man sticking when a needle is inserted into your groin, causes a thin plastic catheter through the artery up to the heart where the X-ray contrast is injected into the coronary arteries and taking x-rays (coronary angiography). Other tests may also be appropriate, depending on what ails you.

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