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Female contraception

Female contraception: what do we talk about?

Woody Allen had a history of oral contraception: "I asked this girl to sleep with me and she said no ... Fortunately, there are other ways almost as reliable for not getting pregnant." "Contraception" refers to all the means used to prevent pregnancy. Among contraceptives, only male and female condoms also protect against sexually transmitted diseases.

In the context of a stable relationship when you know enough to know that her partner is no risk of infection, it is time to choose another contraceptive. Because contraception is suitable for all the changes in our lifestyle solutions casual solutions listed in duration.

Solutions contraceptive for women


Hormonal contraceptives provide reliable contraception over the long term and are issued only on prescription. The survey INPES BVA-on "contraception" published in March 2007 states that "the contraceptive pill is the most commonly used (58%), followed by the condom (28%) and IUDs (21%)."

The pill

This hormonal contraceptive method is effective in 99.5%. Concretely, this means that only 5 women out of 1,000 who use this method correctly for one year become pregnant. Hormones (estrogen and progestin or progestin only, as the pills) released in the blood are analyzed by the brain. For him, they are synonymous with pregnancy and ovulation automatically in sleep, where the reliability of the method.

All pills are available on prescription and can get their prescription minor without parental permission. The first pill starts the first day of menstruation and must be repeated every day at a fixed time.


This small object flexible plastic T-shaped long and 3.5 cm, is placed inside of the uterus by a doctor. Its installation is very fast (only two minutes) and then the doctor can easily remove it when the woman wants. It can be kept 4 to 10 years and requires annual medical surveillance.

There are two types of IUDs or IUD (intrauterine device):
- The copper IUD makes it simply inactive sperm through a chemical reaction.
- The hormonal IUD delivers about him a progestin that prevents implantation of the egg and has the advantage of reducing the duration and volume of rules and the painful contractions. These effects can be decisive in choosing a contraceptive.

Contrary to popular belief, the IUD is not reserved for women who have had children, as there are different sizes to suit almost every uterus. However, some doctors advise against the use of women whose sexual life is not stable, due to the increased risk of infection of the uterus: the IUD makes the uterus less resistant microbes. The wire attached to the end of the device needed to remove the IUD, also promotes the migration of microbes into the uterus.

The implant

This is a cylindrical rod 4 cm in length and 2 mm in diameter is placed under the skin of the arm after local anesthesia by means of a hollow needle. It broadcasts for 3 years a progestin that blocks ovulation. It can be removed by a doctor as soon as the woman wants. This highly reliable contraceptive, effective for 3 years, can have peace of mind. There are some drawbacks: weight gain for women prone to obesity, acne breakouts, menstrual cycle changes.

Female contraception Tips

Other hormonal methods

Among hormonal contraceptive methods, we also find the patch and the vaginal ring.
Contraception Local:

The female condom is a sheath fitted with a flexible ring at both ends, which can place several hours before intercourse. With the male condom is the only contraceptive method that protects against sexually transmitted infections.

According to the Association for contraception, spermicides are "essentially given to women over age 45, those who have little intercourse while breastfeeding" and the diaphragm is shown to "increase the effectiveness of condoms or in case of missed pills. "

Emergency Contraception

HRT pill called "morning after" is used in case of unprotected intercourse or poorly protected, regardless of the timing of the cycle. It is to be taken as soon as feasible, preferably within 12 hours and never more than 72 hours (3 days) after defenseless interaction.

Warning: it loses its effectiveness with time taken.

The morning after pill is prescription at the pharmacy, with or without a prescription. It is free for minors.

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