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Definition of genital herpes

Genital Herpes

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease or STD that is transmitted during sexual contact vaginal, anal or receiving oral sex. Cause of Genital herpes by a virus called (HSV) abbreviation means Herpes Simplex Viruses of which there are two types (HSV1 and HSV2). This virus affects the mucous membranes and skin, causing manifestations most often benign. Some forms of herpes can be severe and widespread in fragile patients (neonates, pregnant women, immuno-compromised). Once the virus contracted genital herpes, there is life in the body and symptoms may appear periodically: it is called "herpes outbreaks."

Risks and consequences of genital herpes

Genital herpes now covers 2 million people. The impact on sexual life and quality of life may be important during outbreaks or frequent recurrences (four to five outbreaks per year). In addition, herpetic lesions favor the transmission of other sexually transmitted diseases. The health issue is to minimize the transmission of genital herpes.

Women are the first victims of genital herpes which 60 to 80% of cases are associated with HSV2 virus.

Origins and symptoms of genital herpes

Development of genital herpes requires two phases:

Phase of primary herpetic infection
This phase infects cells of the skin or mucosa after sexual contact, for example. The virus multiplies and infects other cells.

Phase of reactivation or recurrence
The virus can remain dormant for several years and reactivate with more or less serious symptoms (burning, itching, injury ...).

Two types of virus are involved, but HSV2 is most often responsible for genital herpes, while HSV-1 is found in infections of herpes labialis or "cold sores."

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