Pharmacists are trained faculty. They can perform several trades depending on the orientation of their studies: the dispensation of drugs (city pharmacies or hospitals), wholesale distribution, pharmaceutical, medical biology analyzes, and research. The profession is organized around the State diploma of doctor of pharmacy and, for some, by a common registration: College of Pharmacists.
What are the studies to follow?
Reform Health Studies is currently underway. Establishing a common first year for Health Studies (Pharmacy, Medicine, Dentistry and Maieutics) is provided for the academic year 2010.
This first year called "L1 Health" include instruction for the 4 specialties and specific courses for each specialty. Students will have the opportunity to attend all or part lessons and thus to register the corresponding contest that will separate (with the possibility if they wish to enroll in four competitions). The detailed arrangements for registration and education will be known later.
Currently, studies are taught in pharmacy training units and Research (UFR) pharmacy. They are open to candidates holding a baccalaureate or as permitted by dispensation, or a degree of access to university education. Foreign applicants must prove a diploma training of an equivalent level. Pharmacy studies last a minimum of six years.
They take place in three cycles, each consisting of two years, with the exception of the internship, which takes place over four years. They include lectures and lessons directed, but also many practical lessons, courses and hospital in the workplace. The training includes subjects such as chemistry, mathematics, physics and life sciences. At the end of the first year, a limited number of students is allowed to pass in the second year. This number is determined statutorily each year: the numerus clausus.
To be admitted in the sixth grade, the student must validate the teachings of synthesis quarter and two or three credits, chosen by him based on the occupation to which he heads, since students must specialize: they opt for the pharmacy or the pharmaceutical industry.
The sixth year of short cycle includes:
- A teaching professional practice (internship) for six months;
- Theoretical, directed and practices;
- The preparation and defense of a thesis whose subject is preferably related to the activity of the student during the course of professional practice.
The internship leads as short cycle, the State diploma of doctor of pharmacy, but also a specialized diploma (DES), which determines the industry's future pharmacist. The an SSD can make in a year, a high school specialized complementary (DESC).
What training after graduation?
Access to internships is subject to success in the competition organized every year in the month of May, each of the two geographical areas, North and South.
After the success in the competition, interns may choose between medical biology (for internal wishing to practice in laboratories), hospital pharmacy, industrial pharmacy and biomedical specialty pharmacy (for those who wish to move to research).
Universities offer Master's degree (M1 and M2) in pharmacology, molecular systems, mechanisms of action of drugs ... The Professional Master (M1 and M2) can specialize in areas such as cosmetology, the marketing of the drug or drug control.
In addition, business schools also deliver specialized training:
- Medical and pharmaceutical marketing management;
- Management of the pharmaceutical industry.
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