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What is high blood pressure caused by

High blood pressure (hypertension) means that the pressure in the body's arteries is higher than what is defined as normal. High blood pressure is not considered a disease in itself but is a stressful factor for heart and carries a risk of developing among other things, stroke and heart attack.

Blood pressure is indicated by two numbers separated by a slash. Over pressure is the pressure in the arteries (the arteries) when the heart contracts (systolic pressure). Under pressure is the pressure in the aorta between heartbeats (diastolic pressure). A blood pressure of 150/90 means that the pressure is 150 on the highest and 90 the lowest.

High blood pressure usually produces no symptoms. At very high pressures, which is rare, the possibility of experiencing dizziness and headaches.

what is high blood pressure numbers

What affects the risk of complications from high blood pressure?
Usually the severity of the damage is closely associated with the amount of elevated blood pressure. However, there are a number of other factors that may precipitate or prevent the harmful effects of hypertension (see the calculation of total risk ).

Lifestyle has a significant impact. People who smoke, drive little exercise is overweight and have an unhealthy diet, are much more prone to complications than those who exercise regularly, normal weight, not smoking and eating lots of fruits and vegetables. It is thus important things you can do something to reduce the risk.

Men have a higher risk than women, and if there is a lot of cardiovascular disease in the family; the risk is increased. High cholesterol or diabetes also increases the risk of complications.

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