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Self-treatment Hypertension (Weight loss, Quitting smoking, Alcohol, Exercise)

Weight loss
Obesity itself is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In addition, weight has a direct impact on blood pressure. Obesity increases the pressure and strain on the heart.

Avoiding overweight and obesity is one of the most important things you can do to stay healthy and increase the quality of life in the long run.

Weight reduction should take place in controlled circumstances. Exercise and physical activity are important, but also a slight decrease in food intake can help. In particular, you should limit your intake of fat and sugar. More information about weight reduction can be found here ( weight loss ).

self-titration for treatment of uncomplicated hypertension

Quitting smoking
Smoking poses a significant health risk to everyone and is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In addition, smoking a number of other dangerous consequences, and smokers generally live shorter, poorer quality of life during the time they live, compared with non-smokers. More information about smoking cessation can be found here ( smoking cessation ).

Increasing your daily activity will provide significant health benefits. Exercise reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and also increases the well-being in the majority.

You do not train hard and intensively to achieve results. Light to moderate activity is sufficient. Drive like with endurance training, such as walks or bike rides as often as possible, preferably daily in addition, resistance training with intermediate loads 2-3 times a week also appropriate. More information about the exercise can be found here ( exercise ).

Alcohol may increase blood pressure, and people with hypertension should not drink more than 1-2 units of alcohol a day. This corresponds to about one beer, 1-2 glasses of wine or a cocktail.


  • The pressure in the body's arteries is higher than what is defined as normal.
  • Ideally, blood pressure is below 140/90.
  • High blood pressure usually produces no symptoms.
  • The aim of treatment is to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • The cause of high blood pressure is not known. Heredity, obesity, smoking, stress, alcohol and diet can play a role.
  • Obesity and smoking are in themselves significant risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
  • Quitting smoking, good diet, exercise and physical activity seems to counteract the high pressure.

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