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High blood pressure causes stroke

Can high blood pressure cause acute problems?

High blood pressure (hypertension) means that the pressure in the body's arteries is higher than what is defined as normal. High blood pressure is not considered a disease in itself but is a stressful factor for heart and carries a risk of developing among other things, stroke and heart attack.

High blood pressure usually produces no symptoms, and in most damage occurs slowly, so that complications occur only after many years with the condition. Some complications such as heart attack, will be able to launch emergency without notice.

A few people with hypertension are very high pressure. This can be a serious condition that caused symptoms and requires prompt treatment.

Hypertensive brain effects (encephalopathy)
This is an acute condition that occurs when blood pressure is very high. Over pressure (systolic pressure) is normally over 200, and under pressure (diastolic pressure) is usually over 130 hypertensive encephalopathy provides normally severe headache and confusion. The person may behave abnormally, e.g. slur, be sleepy or angry.

The condition requires immediate hospitalization and intensive treatment to lower blood pressure.

Malignant hypertension
When malignant hypertension is blood pressure is very elevated, and has often been there a long time. There may be symptoms of hypertensive encephalopathy. In addition, it can cause acute renal failure, and the changes seen in the eye bottom. The condition requires immediate hospitalization and must be treated quickly to avoid adverse effects.

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