INFARCTION - Pain squeezed in the chest, jaw and arm, are the most common heart attack symptoms. But in women, coronary accidents occur with other signs. Follow the leader.
Infarction does not affect men between 50 and 60 years who smoke, do some exercise and are overweight. It is also a female disease: one in three women will die of cardiovascular disease. By comparison, a twenty-five succumb to breast cancer. And while cases of myocardial infarction have been declining in men, the reverse is true among women over 55 years. Follow our tips to recognize that cardiovascular accident.
► Smoking and stress, know the risk factors
The risk factors are smoking, high blood pressure (and stress), cholesterol, obesity, physical inactivity and alcohol. As for the man. But they do not have the same effect on the arteries of the woman, told MetroNews Professor Claire Mounier-Vehier, first vice-president of the Federation of Cardiology (FC).
The reason is physiological. The arteries of women are thinner and tear more easily. In addition, five years after menopause, the protective effect of natural estrogen, allowing the arteries to be flexible, dilated and prevent clots, disappears. In parallel, the rate of triglycerides and bad cholesterol increase. Result: "The arteries thicken, stiffen and are dirty."
► Stomach pain and shortness of breath, recognize the symptoms
Now that you know that myocardial also affects women, learn to recognize the symptoms . The most common is chest pain, the feeling of grip in the chest. But women also develop other symptoms such as stomach pain may suggest a gastric ulcer, vomiting, shortness of breath on exertion or palpitations. Well beware, they may also reflect cardiac risk.
► Call 15 and follow a cardiac rehabilitation
What worries the vice-presidency of the (FC) is that women are "sitters." When one of them has symptoms of heart attack, it takes an hour longer than a man before calling the ambulance. But it is important to act quickly to unclog arteries and limit the extent of infarction. To do this, you'd better call the ambulance, which will take the patient directly to a cardiology department.
Another problem, "we must give them kicking butt so they follow a rehabilitation after stroke, whereas it reduces the risk of recurrence. " In fact, only one in ten women following rehabilitation. A glimmer of hope remains: "Women become informed vectors prevention among their friends and colleagues." Have a ball.
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