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Risk factors for heart attack

Some known factors increase your risk of heart attack, or to make new infarct if you have undergone a heart attack. These factors contribute to undesirable deposits of cholesterol ( atherosclerosis, atherosclerosis ) in the arteries (arteries) throughout the body, including the arteries to the heart (coronary arteries). There are a number of risk factors for myocardial infarction:

High blood pressure
Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the resistance to blood flow in your arteries. Over time, increased blood pressure can damage arteries and cause or aggravate atherosclerosis.

High blood pressure can be a hereditary problem and more in the same family may have high blood pressure. The risk of hypertension increases with age. Other important causes of high blood pressure are overweight, unmanageable stress, lack of exercise, high salt intake.

High cholesterol
Cholesterol is an important part of the deposits that may constrict arteries and other arteries in the body. A high level of cholesterol increases the risk of heart attack. Especially dangerous is the "bad" cholesterol (LDL-cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein).

Cigarette smoking
Prolonged smoking, including passive smoking, destroying the inside of the arteries - including arteries to the heart - promotes deposition of cholesterol and decreases with time blood flow. Cigarette smoking increases the risk of forming blood clots resolve that can block arteries and trigger an acute myocardial infarction.

Lack of physical activity
An inactive lifestyle contributes to high cholesterol and obesity. Conversely, people who engaged in regular exercise, a stronger heart and healthier blood vessels, and heart attack risk is lower. Physical activity has a beneficial effect on blood pressure.

Being overweight or obese increases the proportion of body fat. Obesity increases the risk of heart disease because it is associated with high cholesterol, high blood pressure and diabetes.

Diabetes means your body has reduced ability to metabolize sugar, so that the amount of sugar in the blood increases. High blood sugar contributes to atherosclerosis. In children due to diabetes lack of insulin. In adults it is usually present insulin, but the insulin does not work properly (insulin resistance). The main cause of diabetes in adults, changes in the body as a result of obesity. Diabetes increases the risk of heart attack significantly by speeding atherosclerosis and the negative effects on cholesterol.

Stress that you are not able to handle may increase the risk of heart attack. Stress can also be associated with adverse living habits, unhealthy food, smoking, lack of exercise, etc. A lot of stress, as well as anger, can also increase blood pressure.

A moderate consumption of alcohol helps to raise HDL cholesterol - the "good" cholesterol - and may have a protective effect against heart attacks. On the other hand, a high alcohol consumption raise blood pressure and the amount of fats (triglycerides) in the blood, which increases the risk of heart attack.

Family History
If siblings, parents or grandparents have undergone heart attack at a young age, the risk may be increased. Family may have a genetic construction as undesirably high cholesterol levels, or increased plant atherosclerosis other reason. High blood pressure also occurs in some families. In addition, families can contribute to coronary disease in that they practice or exercise poor health habits such as smoking or eating foods with high fat content.

You can influence risk factors
Heredity, age and gender are risk factors that can not be influenced. Men generally have a higher risk than women to have a heart attack, and on average infarct 10 years earlier than women. If the father or brother had a heart attack before 55 years, or your mother or sister had heart trouble before 65 years old, considered the risk of developing heart disease increased.

The other risk factors - smoking, exercise, diet, alcohol, weight, cholesterol, blood pressure - can influence and change significantly when adjusting habits and activity.

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