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Blood pressure measurement in hypertension

What is high blood pressure?

High blood pressure ( hypertension ) means that the pressure in the body's blood vessels is higher than what is defined as normal. High blood pressure is not considered a disease in itself but is a stressful factor for heart and carries a risk of long-term development including stroke and heart attack .

Blood pressure is the force exerted by blood as it flows through the arteries. Blood pressure is indicated by two numbers separated by a slash. Over pressure is the pressure in the arteries (arteries) when the heart contracts (systolic pressure). Under pressure is the pressure in the arteries between heartbeats (diastolic pressure). A blood pressure of 150/90 therefore means that the pressure is 150 at the highest, and 90 at the lowest.

Measurement of blood pressure
Blood pressure is set in a unit called millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). To get as complete as possible results of blood pressure study measured pressure usually three times if the pressure is increased or if you are going to control blood pressure treatment. Average of the last two measurements is usually stated.

Ideally, blood pressure should be around 120/80. At most there will be higher with age. When the pressure is 140-150 or under pressure is 90-100 call it mild hypertension. If the pressure is from 160 to 180, or under pressure is 100-110, it is called moderate hypertension. Even higher pressure as severe hypertension. Moderate and severe hypertension should almost always be treated with blood pressure medications.

Blood pressure rises and drops quickly when we are active. Before blood pressure measurement should therefore sit at rest for at least 10 minutes, preferably longer. Coffee can increase your blood pressure and you should not drink coffee in the hours before a blood pressure reading.

Stress and anxiety can increase blood pressure significantly in some. These may have a very high blood pressure during the survey, although it is normally disabled. This is often called "office blood pressure", as it occurs in the doctor's office. People with office blood pressure can take in a blood pressure device and make measurements even under safe circumstances at home. For some, it may also be necessary to make a so-called 24-hour measurement. This is done by a blood pressure device is connected to your arm and automatically performs measurements through an entire day.

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