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Diet for diabetes type 2

What is a diet for diabetes type 2?

The diet for diabetes type 2 (non-insulin dependent or) concerns an insidious onset diabetes, which occurs most often after the age of 50, in case of overweight and obesity.

This is why it is also called "diabetes fat mature subject."

Regime where type 2 diabetes based on specific dietary measures aimed at:

- Better control sugar levels in the blood;
- Possible to lose overweight;
- To lower cholesterol if applicable;
- While providing a varied and balanced diet.

Regime where type 2 diabetes should always be associated with a physical activity that promotes weight loss and helps control blood sugar in the blood (blood sugar).

Type 2 Diabetes: Why a plan?

In diabetes type 2 (non-insulin dependent), the pancreas is no longer able to provide proper secretion of insulin (hormone that regulates the level of sugar in the blood), or the body's cells lose their sensitivity to the action of insulin. But there is no total lack of insulin.

In this type of diabetes, dietary measures have shown their interest in better glycemic control and are at the forefront of the prevention of type 2 diabetes and its complications.
Foods to avoid in case of type 2 diabetes

These are high-GI carbs (between 70 and 100): sugar, confectionery, sugary cereals and mixed biscuits, pastries, potato flakes, high GI fruits (like banana, mango ...), sodas, cakes and pastries , ice ...
Attention to some low GI foods but high in fat (like chocolate) if overweight.

Type 2 diabetes diet - practical information

What are the main rules?

• Fight against overweight by not consuming more than 1800 kilocalories (kcal) per day and practicing regular physical activity.

• Know carbohydrates and distinguish between:

- Simple carbohydrates (sugars and sugar products) that cause a sudden increase in the rate of blood sugar (glucose);
- And complex carbohydrates (bread, pasta, rice, cereals, legumes ...) that raise blood sugar more gradually.

• Know the "glycemic index" (GI) of a food, which reflects the rate of absorption of sugar in the blood.
The concept of GI has to review the plan and rehabilitate diabetic foods, such as fruits (GI less than 40), the absorption of sugars is slow and gradual.
• Focus on fiber at every meal (vegetables, fruits, legumes, whole grains, oats, wheat germ ...) that promote a decrease in blood glucose and reduce the intestinal absorption of cholesterol.

• Make sure to consume a moderate amount of fat that are fattening and their quality oils (olive, canola, walnuts, wheat germ ... rich in good fatty acids).

• Ensure adequate intake of protein (lean meats, low fat dairy products, fish), but avoid fatty meats and cheeses.

• Eat fruit for their micronutrients (vitamins, trace elements, antioxidants) after meals and avoid eating between meals.

• Make three meals a day with possibly a snack and another 10 hours to 16 hours. The rule is to eat more often without eating more.

What should I be wary?

Be wary of alcohol is a source of calories, and some alcoholic beverages high in sugar (champagne, appetizers).

Under what circumstances should you consult an expert?

It is necessary to consult an expert if dietary measures are not enough to control your diabetes and complications related to diabetes.

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