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Toxoplasmosis in pregnant women Practical information

What are the symptoms of toxoplasmosis?
Fever, muscle aches or headaches or throat (Table influenza) should alert pregnant women and lead them to consult as soon as possible. Lymph nodes are usually enlarged. A blood test is needed to diagnose with certainty.

What are the risks to the fetus?

The first trimester is the most risky for the health of the fetus, but it runs only 5% contamination. Later, contamination is more frequent but the damage is less "intense" but still damaging. Toxoplasmosis is responsible for spontaneous abortions, especially during the first trimester of pregnancy. It most often causes fetal abnormalities in the brain, liver and especially in the eyes: between 35% and 85% of infected children. This eye infection is characterized by inflammation of the choroid and retina responsible for vision impaired sometimes leading to blindness.

Advocated by the doctor for pregnant women?

For non-immune pregnant women, a blood monthly to check it does not contract toxoplasmosis during pregnancy. If the pregnant woman has contracted toxoplasmosis, we undertake a course of antibiotics for the parasite (spiramycin), which reduces the risk of transmission to the fetus. But this treatment is not always enough, a therapeutic abortion is proposed.

Advocated by the doctor for the baby?

In cases of congenital toxoplasmosis proved, newborns are immediately treated with pyrimethamine tablets and sulfadiazine. Regular monitoring can monitor the progress of the disease and its sequelae during their growth.

How not to be confused with toxoplasmosis?

  • A sore throat.
  • Listeriosis.
  • A flu-like illness.

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