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Oral hygiene and prevention

Oral Hygiene: What do we talk about?

Oral hygiene includes best practices for maintaining good oral health. According to the WHO: "Oral health means being free of facial pain and chronic mouth, throat cancer and oral , oral sores, birth defects such as cleft lip or cleft palate, tooth decay and tooth loss, periodontal (diseases gum) disease, other diseases, oral cavity and disorders that affect the mouth "

In case of poor oral hygiene, the most common diseases are caries and periodontal disease.

Thus, 60-90% of school children worldwide have dental caries and 5 to 20% of middle-aged adults severe periodontal disease, which can lead to loosening and loss of teeth.

How to have good oral hygiene?

Good oral hygiene through brushing and regular dental careful, a good source of fluorine, a balanced diet and a good efficiency of saliva.

Brushing should be done after every meal and last 3 minutes.

The toothbrush with soft bristles (not to injure the gums) should be changed every 3 months and toothpaste should contain fluoride. The latter, essential to strengthen the enamel structure, can also be supplied by the diet, especially some mineral waters.

A balanced diet is a guarantee of good oral hygiene: If you know the cariogenic sugars, is less well known that the consumption of fruits and vegetables is protective against cancer of the mouth.

Similarly, smoking cessation and decreased alcohol consumption reduce the risk of oral cancer, periodontal disease and tooth loss.

Finally, saliva mixture of water, proteins, electrolytes and minerals, helps balance and protection of the oral cavity. Antibacterial, it limits the proliferation of bacteria and eliminates undesirable microorganisms. Good salivation can therefore contribute to good oral hygiene.

Practices are not recommended for good oral hygiene

Snacking is absolutely forbidden, as the sugars ingested without food are more harmful.

Consistency and stickiness of foods should also be taken into account: soft and sticky foods (sweets, chewing gum ...) extend the contact sugar glaze and do not promote self-cleaning of the tooth surfaces.

The education of children with oral hygiene should be at the first appearance of teeth, caries appear as early as two and a half years in the absence of hygiene.

When should you consult your dentist?

A visit at least once a year is needed to detect tooth decay and gum disease. Treatments are in their facilities, shorter, more efficient and less expensive.

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