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Nurse Care Plans Eczema

Eczema is a skin disease that affects more and more children in families predisposed to allergy. Several studies show that eczema is due in part to advances in medicine, with advances in vaccines and vaccines, antibiotics, and then simply hygiene, have protected the child against many infectious diseases. However, at the same time, these improvements have altered the immune system. The emergence of new allergens and pollution are also implicated in increasing eczema.

The first outbreak of eczema usually occurs within three months. In infants, lesions are mainly at the scalp, face, neck, arms and legs. A topic dermatitis or eczema, is particularly rife in the first year of life. It often improves around the age of two to three years, with lesions localized mainly in the folds of the elbows and knees, then usually disappears during childhood. However, some children were still minute dry patches that can also persist until puberty. In general, the eczema flare evolves in stages: at first, appear to itch subsequently the skin becomes red and dotted with small vesicles barely visible, while giving a grainy appearance. Then the vesicles swell, causing a scratching which causes the rupture of these short blisters with oozing more or less important. The last phase of the thrust is that scabs who fall within a few days and leave the skin red before healing of the eczema flare. In all cases, the child's skin is always dry even outside attacks.

Currently, there is no way to effective prevent eczema. In families at risk, we advise mothers to breastfeed their babies, or if they cannot or do not wish, to feed him with a hypoallergenic milk and does not start food diversification before the fifth month. Eczema is a chronic disease, and no physician can make it disappear. However, we can reduce the number and intensity of relapses and the child to relieve suffering minimized.

In case of eczema flare, treatment relies on creams or ointments containing cortisone. Topical corticosteroids are necessary to treat eczema: they reduce inflammation and allow the skin to recover. Feel free to apply sufficient cream from the start, then you can space out the application as an improvement alternating with cream sanitizer based on copper or zinc. If super infection occurs frequently due to scratching, antibiotics may be prescribed. In addition to standard therapy against eczema, do not forget the emollient creams. They apply alternating with topical corticosteroids (morning or evening) on ​​areas less red. If contemporary corticosteroids were used correctly, three-quarters of a topic dermatitis resistant no longer exist. In rare cases, eczema is very severe.

Eczema is a noncontiguous skin disease-forming or red placards to an ill-defined edge.

Clinical signs
  • Inflammation
  • Desquamation of the skin
  • Redness
  • Blisters
Contact eczema

The contact dermatitis follows the skin contact with a product.

It occurs in two steps:
  • Awareness
  • The skin reaction
  • Adrenocorticoid
  • Eviction of the contact
Atopic eczema
Atopic eczema or atopic dermatitis, eczema is hereditary and is linked to colds or asthma.

  • Drought prevention: no bath, cotton clothes, moisturizer
  • Eviction allergens: dust mite, ventilated room at room temperature
  • Adrenocorticoid
  • Antihistamine for itching

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