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Division of blood vessel inflammation

A distinction is made between 10 different types of vasculitis. Most occur in small blood vessels, fewer found in the larger blood vessels.

Small vessels

Churg-Strauss syndrome
An infection that primarily occurs in the airways and is associated with asthma. The inflammation is found in small to medium-sized vessels.

Cutaneous leukocytoclastic angiitt
A condition found only in the skin, and that is not spread around the body or in the kidneys.

Essential cryoglobulin misk vasculitis
An inflammation that affects the smallest blood vessels: capillaries, venules or arterioles. It attacks the very skin and kidneys.

inflammation of blood vessel

Henoch-Schonlein purpura
The immune substances affecting capillaries, venules or arterioles. The disease typically attacks the skin, intestines and kidneys, but it also has joint pain or arthritis. The condition occurs in children.

Microscopic polyangiitis
Inflammation and destruction of capillaries, venules, or arterioles, but also small and medium-sized arteries may be approached. Severe kidney inflammation (necrotizing glomerulonephritis) is very common.

Wegener's granulomatosis
Inflammation of the airways and damage to capillaries, venules, arterioles and arteries. Severe kidney infection is common.

Medium-sized vessels

Kawasaki disease
Inflammation of the arterial wall, especially in the cardiac coronary arteries, but also the main artery (aorta) and veins may be involved. It occurs in young children.

Polyarteritis nodosa
A severe inflammation of the wall to the medium to small arteries without kidney damage or vasculitis in arterioles, capillaries and venules.

Large vessels

Giant cell arteritis
Inflammation of the aorta and its major branches. Especially frequent is the temporal artery the attack (temporalisarteritt), a condition associated with polymyalgia rheumatic.

Takayasu arteritis
Inflammation of the aorta and its major branches.

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