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A / H1N1 flu: what preventive hygiene?

Why and how to wash their hands?

Bacteria and viruses are spread by hands. To eliminate them, use an alcohol-based or liquid soap. Bar soaps retain surface germs because they do not kill bacteria, it is not their function. They dissolve the lipid film that protects but it must then rub to remove germs. Washing hands is the SCRUB!

Use hot water temperature "bearable" (never above 45 ° because of the risk of burning), and do not forget to rub the furrows: wrists, between fingers, under fingernails. Rinsing should be careful to avoid maceration by residual soap. Close the valve with a disposable tissue, and dry your hands with a disposable paper towel. This expense of paper at a time can interfere ecological economics.

We can book the practice at the entourage of the sick and those in contact and confined environments where sharing germs is inevitable: offices, schools, community houses ...

When to wash your hands?

These are good habits to take every day, all year round.

It is essential to wash hands after:
- The working day, on the way home,
- Borrowing public transport,
- Stay in a public place,
- Having crossed an infected person,
- Going to the toilet,
- Blowing your nose, coughing, sneezing or spitting
- Removing his protective mask.

And ALWAYS before:
- Cooking,
- Eating,
- To take care of children, especially infants.

What mask and for whom?

The anti-projections said masks do not protect healthy people against the virus, but the patient to avoid infecting others and the environment.

To remain effective, they must be changed every 4 hours when wet. Which occurs relatively quickly due to the condensation of the breath.
Removing the mask, taking him by the fasteners to discard it immediately and wash your hands afterwards.

They are issued free pharmacy on prescription.
There pediatric masks for children 1 to 12 years.

How to use paper handkerchiefs?

Disposable paper handkerchiefs are an effective anti-viral dissemination weapon becomes a temporary mask when sneezing, coughing or blowing nose. It is also essential to use them to manipulate surfaces or objects that might be contaminated.

They must ALWAYS be discarded immediately after use.

Where to throw handkerchiefs, towels and used masks?

Elimination is household waste, placing them in an airtight bag.
Use double packaging if the bags are threatening to tear easily.
The simplest, but also the most expensive, is to place the masks and handkerchiefs in small plastic bags before throwing them in your trash "general".

How to limit the contamination of others and his own?

- Cover your mouth and nose with a disposable tissue when sneezing or coughing. In the absence of tissue, sneeze and cough into your elbow or hands by washing them immediately.
- Limit the bare minimum physical contact: no kisses, no hugs, no curly braces. The new A / H1N1 virus is contagious VERY.
- Wash your hands after hand contact: with a hydro-alcoholic solution (in your purse or pocket) when no source of water and soap is available.
- Do not use cloth towels in public toilets, but disposable towels or failing a tissue (in your purse or pocket).
- Health authorities have not officially recommended the routine use of masks. The mask called "surgical" anti-projections not protect from contamination but decreases the amount of miasma sucked.

Only the mask FFP2 ensures effective filtration of the virus, PROVIDED be used properly: mandatory use that may fail more often, however, in generating a false protection.
- Before traveling: check with the travel company, the Embassy or Consulate.

What to do when there is a flu at home?

- Isolate the sick day and night, if possible in a single room, even change the organization of the house. This piece will be regularly aired. Avoiding physical contact: stay at least 1 m according to official recommendations, 2 meters according to US data protection CF patients.
- Make the patient wear a surgical mask spray suppression in the presence of another person: ideally continuously until he coughs to protect the environment.
- Do not share any personal effects with the patient: towels, cutlery, toys. However, their washing can be done in the usual way without putting them apart.
- Clean surfaces and shared items (remote controls, flushing, door handles ... etc.), Hot water, with usual household products. The virus remains infective on surfaces likely to 6-8 hours.
- If compel strict rules of hygiene, especially hand washing.

How long does it contagious?

Influenza infection begins 24 to 48 hours before the onset of signs and persists 4-5 days or a week in total.

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