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Infant eczema - Definition, Caus, Risks, Prevention, Consultation

Definition of infant eczema

Eczema Infant eczema is called constitutional or atopic. It is a chronic skin disease that begins between the ages of 2-3 months and 2 years and usually resolves spontaneously after a few years.
Eczema keeper however the first years baby (and their parents) manifesting itself by inflammation and the appearance of small bubbles (or vesicles) with severe itching. In children, eczema flares are often triggered by infections, digestive disorders, or the output of a tooth.

Risks and origin of eczema

Eczema is a common skin disease, rising steadily for 30 years in connection with a polluted environment allergens of all kinds. Infants or children predisposed to promote awareness of and develop eczema or later other forms of allergies.

Cause of infant eczema

The main cause of eczema is primarily an allergic phenomenon. Children affected by eczema have a genetic predisposition, family, and awareness to allergens in their environment. Other allergic eczema often accompany such as allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis or asthma or urticaria.

Infant eczema Prevention

How to manifest infant eczema?

In infants, eczema develops in the first two years. Its evolution is marked by recurrent attacks and improvements red, oozing and crusting plaques, especially on the face. Cheeks and forehead are the first affected infants, the nose being generally respected. Plates itchy, causing scratching, crying and nervousness which only maintain the phenomenon.

After 2 years, the plates often reach the folds of the elbows, wrists or knees.
Between outbreaks, the skin becomes dry (called xerosis) and may facilitate the entry of allergens.
Fortunately, outbreaks gradually decrease with age until it disappears completely in a few years (or puberty) to make room for some other allergies.

With what should we be confused?

Contact eczema is a disease independent of the constitutional or atopic eczema. Contact eczema is manifested on contact with an allergenic product remains highly localized and this contact area. Skin tests performed by a dermatologist or allergist can identify the trigger (nickel costume jewelry, for example). The removal of the product concerned cure.

Will it possible prevention?

The comfort of the skin is enhanced by simple hygiene measures:
- Warm daily bath (36 ° C) with a surgras soap;
- Do not wipe baby but dab the skin to dry, moisturize with an emollient cream;
- Prefer cotton underwear (rather than wool or synthetic) and white (undyed);
- Do not use fabric softener but phosphate-free detergents or soap.

General measures to eliminate mites or allergens from the home are beneficial. Similarly, spa treatments improve symptoms.
In case of herpes (cold sores) in a member of the entourage, proscribe kiss (risk of very serious complication).

Infant eczema Prepare consultation

When you consult?

Eczema is a chronic disease requiring medical treatment at the first signs. Avoid a vicious circle is established and that parents overprotect. Moreover, a serious complication requires medical care in emergency: it is a secondary infection (fever, pustules ...) by the herpes virus called Kaposi's sarcoma-Juliusberg.
What is the doctor?

The diagnosis is easy on the lesions presented and their location, scratching and chronic evolution and outbreaks of eczema. No examination is required, an allergy assessment may be proposed to the age of 5 years to determine the allergens in question if associated symptoms (asthma, rhinitis or conjunctivitis).
During outbreaks, medical treatment based ointments corticosteroids applied locally and in small quantities on the patches of eczema, prescribed and it should never be stopped abruptly but gradually decrease or between doses.
If intense itching, antihistamines improve symptoms. Some spas (Avene, La Roche-Posay) propose, on prescription, children and parents of courses dedicated to the care of the skin with an anti-inflammatory and soothing effect demonstrated.

How to prepare my next visit?

In children, the output of a tooth or digestive disorders are all triggers that should be noted and report to the doctor. Some allergens (animals, dust ...) cause more severe attacks: spot eliminates them more easily.

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