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Angina pectoris symptoms

How does the state itself?

Angina pectoris is chest pain caused by lack of oxygen in parts of the heart muscle. The reason for the lack of oxygen is that the arteriosclerotic process inside the coronary arteries has led to narrow vessels and reduced blood flow to parts of the heart. The pain arises typically by physical effort and disappears at rest. If there are small changes you may feel pain only at very hard impact. When changes in the blood vessels is stated even small pulse increases cause pain.

Generally, the pain of angina pectoris seem like a squeezing pain in the center of the chest. The pain can range from mild to strong. Others describe the pain as burning, or as a heavy weight placed over the thorax. It is also not uncommon, but no legality in, the pain radiates to the shoulders and arms (especially the left side) or neck. It can sometimes be difficult to point out exactly where the pain comes from, and some may experience it as if the pain comes from the upper part of the abdomen, back or jaw.

Other symptoms that may occur with angina pectoris attacks are shortness of breath, dizziness and fainting, sweating, or cold sweats and nausea. Some are experiencing rapid and perhaps irregular pulse / heart action. The skin may be pale, and it is not unusual anxiety or nervousness.

How should I deal with these symptoms?

Early treatment
The symptoms of angina are much like the symptoms of a heart attack . A angina attacks usually lasts a few minutes, unlike infarction pain that persists hours. Generally well infarction pain somewhat stronger than angina pain. Angina Pain will also be eased by taking nitroglycerin in the acute phase of the attack (nitro tablets or spray). If this is the first episode of such pain, or pain persists or is of a different nature than before, so you should contact your health care provider as soon as possible to get this evaluated.

About nitroglycerin does not have the expected effect and you still have pain or discomfort in the chest after 5 minutes, you should take a second nitroglycerin. If this does not help after 5 minutes is recommended to call the medical emergency at number 911 If this is indeed a heart attack, namely quick treatment can be crucial to limit the damage to the heart.

Well-known problems?
In people who have had angina pain before, and who experience recurrence of the same nature, it may not be necessary to consult your health care. However, if symptoms do not subside within a few minutes of rest, and 2 doses of nitroglycerin have effect, it is recommended to reassess the situation and seek help immediately.

Can I be physically active?
If you perceive the current problems with angina attacks, you should refrain from activity until the attack has subsided. Seizures triggered like as if the heart had to work harder than usual. Typical activities that trigger angina pain is shoveling snow or mowing.

Besides seizures encouraged nevertheless to activities and training. As long as the activity is not triggering pain, activity will help to keep the heart in good shape so as possible. This means that the heart of the term might tolerate slightly higher loads before angina pain manifests itself, or that it at least slows atherosclerosis in most.

When should you consult a doctor?
In stable angina disease is common to carry nitroglycerin (tablets or oral spray) and use this in pain, or just prior efforts that tend to cause pain. Acute attacks are advised to stop the activity and take nitroglycerin. The medication is repeated after 5 minutes by lack of efficacy. If neither the second dose removes the pain should call 911

If your need for nitroglycerin increases quickly, or if you notice that less effort before the pain arises, it is a sign that the disease may be aggravated. In such cases it is recommended to consult your doctor to assess changes in medication use or referral for assessment in hospital.

It is not unusual that it ends up with hospitalization at exacerbation of angina. It is often necessary to re-evaluation by X-ray examination of the coronary arteries, possibly with swelled the narrow sections. It may also be necessary operation to operate in so-called by-pass beyond the narrow sections. But often, the disease stabilized using only more intensified drug therapy.

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