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What are the Testicular Cancer

What are the testicles?

The testicles are two male sex glands located in the scrotum at the base of the penis. Sperm and sex hormones (including testosterone) are produced.

Origins of cancer

Ectopy (when the migration of the testes from the abdomen to the scholarship has not occurred) is the leading cause of cancer. Testicular atrophy (testicular very small) is also a contributing factor. This cancer is not hereditary.

And symptoms of testicular cancer screening

The symptoms are manifold, most often the patient reported an increase in testicular volume or the appearance of a hard mass. Pain, a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum can also call.

Screening therefore generally based on self-examination of the testes. This simple test is done preferably after a bath or shower, when the skin is softer scholarships. Before any abnormality, it is necessary to consult your doctor. It may itself palpate the testicle and after clinical examination, prescribe additional tests: tumor markers (beta-hCG, alpha fetoprotein) and radiological (CT thorax and abdomen, chest X-ray) . Note that at this stage, sperm storage is generally proposed treatments can impair fertility of the patient (usually transient alteration).

Definition of testicular cancer

This is the most common cancer in young adults (under 45 years). In 2005, approximately 2,000 cases were diagnosed. Diagnosed early, this cancer has a good prognosis. The cure rate can reach 100%.

Treatment of testicular cancer

The first intervention is surgical: removal of the affected testicle and its coverings. If the patient wishes, a soft prosthesis (silicone) is virtually undetectable asked to replace the testicle removed. Depending on the type of tumor and its stage, additional treatment may be required chemotherapy, radiotherapy and / or retroperitoneal lymph node dissection.

Treatment can affect sexuality and fertility. The decreased libido is common but it is multifactorial (fatigue, treatment, announcement of the disease). There is no weakness related to the disease or its treatment. Fertility can be reduced by treatment. A long-term monitoring is necessary for patients who received chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

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