Memory disorders: definition
The memory is a common complaint falters in the second half of life. It is then necessary to distinguish natural hazards occasional memory and those who preach organic brain impairment. The public is alerted not to say alarmed by the Plan Alzheimer and media relay, disorder memory evokes this disease.
From the age of 60, a memory disorder may be the first sign of a degenerative disease of the brain (neuro-degenerative disease for doctors), the most common is Alzheimer's disease. After 65 years, the frequency becomes significant, affecting 30% of people age 85 and increases continuously with age.
Risks and consequences of memory disorders
They are associated with addiction disorders resulting more or less severe memory. Only early diagnosis provides medical care and social organization that provides a better quality of life for patients and those who help them, it delays the entry into institution patients. This is why the Health Authority in March 2008 recommended a diagnostic approach, that is to say, a medical consultation, people complaining of a recent change in their functions called "cognitive" or mental in everyday language: memory, judgment, reasoning and understanding. This may be the entourage that offers consultation after notice of such changes.
Memory disorders Tips
When should you consult?
1 - When we asked about his memory
Should never stay on a question unsatisfied. It is the source of anxiety which exacerbates the damaging disorders and their perception. The doctor gives an opinion on the pathological nature of the complaint. He decides or not to deepen the balance in a specialized center: Center Memory Memory Resources and Research.
2 - In memory disorders that are characterized fear Alzheimer's disease or a related disorder
Disorders of memory are usually the first symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. They occur gradually as forgetting recent events, a difficulty with retention of new information or recall them in the "bank personal memories." Omissions in the conduct of daily life become more frequent and important. They often warn the family before the patient himself. The memory of old facts is best preserved early in the disease.
3 - In memory problems associated with other cerebral signs
At these memory problems are other symptoms:
- A language disorder characterized by a patient's difficulty in finding the right word when trying to say something, and what doctors call aphasia;
- Difficulty to recognize objects or faces, and there is no disturbance of vision, and is called agnosia (objects or people are known but are not recognized);
- Difficulty in daily tasks (preparing meals, dressing, shopping) with blunders gestures, called apraxia;
- Difficulties to orient themselves in time and space, difficulty reasoning, behavior change (sudden attacks of anger, apathy ...) or mood, which can go up to depression.
How is the consultation of doctor?
The doctor conducts simple tests focusing on memory. Upon completion of the comprehensive examination, especially neurological, or he decides not need a specialist.
It was the end of 2010, 507 reception points distributed throughout the territory, including the overseas departments: these consultations can detect Alzheimer's disease and its related diseases or make a definitive diagnosis before a memory impairment in the elderly.
How to prepare a consultation on memory?
Preventing the doctor in advance of the reason for the consultation so that it provides the time needed for this particular consultation.
Noting on paper the detailed facts that warrant concern and consultation.
Also noting all issues of concern to patients and their families to get informed about the firm, regardless of the doctor's advice.
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