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Definition of Hormone


To multiply, cancer cells exploit resources that are also used by normal cells of the body. Thus, sex hormones are one of the "fuel" privileged tumors: the female hormones estrogen and progesterone, are used by some tumors of the breast or uterus. Testosterone, male hormone, is itself involved in the development of prostate cancer. We speak of hormone-dependent tumors.

It is possible to restrict the development of this class of tumors by preventing them from using hormones. This therapeutic approach is called hormone.

How does hormone therapy?
Hormones act on tumor cells by binding to their surface receptors. This binding triggers a cascade of reactions that will promote tumor growth.

Hormone therapy is to block this process by inhibiting the production of hormones involved, either preventing them from binding to the tumor cells, or even interrupting the cascade of reactions they trigger.

Hormone treatment in practice
Before considering such treatment, tumor cells are analyzed to ensure that they have a lot of hormone receptors. Otherwise, treatment with hormone therapy is not possible because the tumor is not dependent on hormones.

Hormone treatment is oral or injectable depending on the type of drug used. Administered alone or in combination with other treatments.

The side effects of hormonal
Hormone therapies can cause side effects such as hot flashes, decreased libido, menstrual cycles stop, the erectile dysfunction ...

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