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What is a drug?

The word drug comes from the Latin "medicamentum" meaning cure. Today, the drug is subject to a rigorous definition of "drug means any substance or composition presented as having properties for treating or preventing disease in human beings or animals and any substance or composition can be used in humans or animals or their may be administered to establish a medical diagnosis or to correcting, restoring or modify physiological functions by exerting a pharmacological, immunological or metabolic action. " This is the definition European Medicines transposed by Law n ° 2007-248 of 26 February 2007 of the Public Health Code (CSP).

What is drug consumption?

In 2008, the total consumption of drugs accounted for 34,902 million representing an increase of 3% compared to 2007 (source: Directorate of Research, Studies, Evaluation and Statistics DREES - National Health Accounts 2008).

How to obtain approval to market a drug?

To be sold, any drug manufactured industrially must be authorized for placing on the market (AMM). The pharmaceutical company submits an application to request that authorization to the European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products and / or Agency for Safety of Health Products.

The marketing authorization application is assessed by official bodies such as the scientific criteria of quality, safety and efficiency. The director sign authorizations for placing on the market, which are then published in the Official Journal. A registration number is assigned to the AMM specialty pharmaceutical (delayed on the packaging, under the heading "Drug authorized No ..."). A generic drug must also be a marketing authorization application (possibly about 10 years after the first marketing authorization of the original drug).

What is a drug?

The medicament comprises one or more active ingredients (molecules) and one or more excipients. The active ingredient is a substance (chemical or herbal) or composition (one or more) possessing curative, preventive, or administered to establish a diagnosis.

Excipients are substances which shape the drug, and have no therapeutic activity: the shaping medicine is the science pharmaceutical (or more simply, the dosage).

Excipients also affect the metabolism (or assimilation) of active ingredient in the body. They facilitate the drug by the patient, for example, giving a taste and color, taste like banana antibiotics for children.

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