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How is infective endocarditis diagnosed

How diagnosed?
Diagnosis can be difficult to set. Knowledge of the patient is in a risk group, combined with symptoms such as loss of appetite, weight loss, malaise, chills, nausea, vomiting and night sweats - suggestive of the disease.

Sometimes the doctor may find that there is a murmur over the heart or a previous heart murmur has changed. Blood tests, X-rays of the chest, ultrasound of the heart and electrocardiography (ECG) help to determine the diagnosis. Detection of bacteria in blood confirmed the diagnosis.

How is your condition?
The treatment takes place in a hospital. The aim of treatment is to eradicate the bacteria that cause the disease and reduce the risk of getting the disease later. It is given various antibiotics, which are drugs that kill bacteria.

infective endocarditis diagnosis guidelines

Drugs administered before the start directly into the bloodstream (intravenously), and the processing time is often 4-6 weeks. In up to half of cases it may be necessary to perform an operation after antibiotic treatment has ended, where one replaces the diseased heart valves with artificial valves (valve prostheses).

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