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Observations : Patient assessment

The assessment includes the patient's vital signs observations of temperature, pulse, blood pressure, respiratory rate and oxygen saturation, blood glucose and levels of consciousness. These observations provide an effective and accurate method of monitoring the patient. They also allow evaluation of response to treatment and early detection of problems.

The observations provide important information from a patient and therefore, have a duty to:

  • hold the UKCC guiding principle concerning the documentation (UKCC 1998)
  • Report the average deviation from the basic level or other senior staff and / οr medical colleagues
  • Ensure that all equipment is calibrated, it is safe and fully functional
  • Choose the right equipment, such as the correct size cuff to use only one hand, the size of the patient to monitor the local infection-control policy.

For more observations are, the patient should be encouraged to relax and comfort. In patients with mild exercise should be left for a few minutes. To accurate assess the patient's state can alleviate pain and prevent, to reduce anxiety, as these factors can affect the environment, fence. Physical temperature, body position and end products will also change the perception of the patient.

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