Definition of halitosis
Halitosis, scientific term for bad breath, is an unpleasant odor or smelly from the mouth. Halitosis, also common in men than in women (women, however, tend to see), increases with age.
Risks and consequences of halitosis
There is little statistical data to determine the actual frequency of halitosis, especially no objective and universal test sets bad breath. Halitosis is, however, a common reason for dental consultation: between 5 and 10% of the population are regularly affected by bad breath, but everyone can be at a time of his life.
The term is defined by the air emitted from the mouth and nose during breathing.
Abnormal breath (halitosis or bad breath) is an unpleasant odor (rotten fish, eggs, rotten apple ...) and can be linked to a local or general pathology. It may be transient (food after eating garlic, tobacco or coffee) or longer (disorders of the oral cavity, head and neck, digestive or lung).
Symptoms and signs of halitosis
Bad breath in the morning upon waking is normal, due to a reduction in the production of saliva in the night and stasis food debris. Only persistence must consult their dentist.
Bad breath is often associated with dry mouth. In addition, weight loss, or high-protein diets, foods (garlic, onion, spices) or lifestyle (smoking, alcohol, coffee) promote bad breath, which is often difficult to realize oneself.
With what would it be confused halitosis?
The pseudo-halitosis is the impression for patients to have bad breath. In fact, a review would show a breath quite normal. Psychological support to convince them is often necessary.
Will it possible prevention of halitosis?
Perfect oral hygiene is a prerequisite: brushing after every meal, flossing, brushes against plaque, cleaning the back of the tongue (tongue scraper), denture care ...
Diet also plays a big role. Better to avoid garlic, onions, spices, dairy products, cauliflower, asparagus, alcohol, coffee, and reduce the amount of protein (beware protein diets). The fight against dry mouth through regular hydration (drinking water), especially at bedtime. And this is one more opportunity to stop smoking if not already done.
When to consult?
It is very difficult to see his own breath. So it is a third party that reveal most often bad breath and will point to the person concerned. Detection devices such as "fresh kiss" are commercially and quantify the odorous gases.
What does the doctor during halitosis?
... Or rather the dentist. The practice dentist a complete physical examination of the mouth looking for a local cause (hygiene, condition of the gums, coated tongue ...).
The importance of halitosis can then be evaluated by a sensory examination says with a score of 1 to 5 and / or electronic halimétrique (measurement of odorous gases).
Following the consultation, the character and identity of the supposed origin of halitosis usually possible to offer an effective treatment. In the absence of local cause, buccal, the dentist can direct to the doctor contractor who may send the patient to an ENT doctor or other specialist.
In all cases, the treatment of halitosis is based on the treatment of the cause, buccal or extraoral. Lozenges, toothpastes or mouthwashes may also be prescribed to mask odors or participate in treatment.
How to prepare for my next visit?
Identify the circumstances or promoting foods bad breath allows to discuss with her doctor, who will confirm or invalidate their role.
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